باز کردن منو اصلی

This is an inline template which should be placed immediately after the material in question, as with a footnote. For example:

This sentence needs attribution.{{نیازمند اسناد|date=اوت ۲۰۱۹}} → This sentence needs attribution.[نیازمند اسناد]

The wikilink on "attribution needed" is set to ویکی‌پدیا:نیازمند اسناد. The functionality of this template is the same as {{clarify}} but differs in when it is applied.

When to useویرایش

Use this to request ویکی‌پدیا:شیوه ارجاع به منابع or an ویکی‌پدیا:یادکرد درخط for perspectives and opinions that the Wikipedia article asserts is held by someone, but you don't know who holds the view.

If the material is supported by a citation to a reliable source, then look at the source to find out who holds the view, rather than adding this tag to the sentence.

Do not demand in-text attribution for simple, non-controversial facts. Simple facts, like "The Earth is round", should not be attributed to one person, because that attribution implies that very few people agree with the statement. In-text attribution is normally reserved for minority views, controversial claims, and other widely disputed material.

Avoid "drive-by tagging" and "tag bombing". It is much more constructive to edit an article to resolve a problem than it is to just leave a tag. Only tag if a resolution to the problem is not apparent.

Primary applicationویرایش

Use this template in the body of an article as a request for other editors to explicitly attribute a preceding passage, sentence or phrase to a person. This will be an author of a cited work or a person referred to in a source in which they have been directly or indirectly quoted. The passage tagged may indicate ویکی‌پدیا:تحقیق دست‌اول ممنوع, be opinion, a point of view or contain ویکی‌پدیا:شیوه‌نامه/واژه‌هایی که باید از آن‌ها دوری گزید which may be appropriate to retain in the article if they are properly attributed. The tag can be resolved by attributing the identified passage, sentence or phrase as either a گفتاورد or an indirect quote. Alternatively, the material may be rewritten in language which is not contentious.

Examplesویرایش

Example oneویرایش

Opinion text
Resolved as:
Author, Name, stated: "Opinion text". (a direct quote)
Author, Name, stated: Opinion text. (an indirect quote)

In making an in-text attribution to a person, it is usual (in the first instance) to establish their "credentials" and why their opinion is of consequence. Identifying them as an author, historian, critic, company president, manager or such, establishes their credentials and, the relevance and credibility of their opinion or other statement.

Example twoویرایش

It was clearly a matter of ... (in this case, clearly is ویکی‌پدیا:شیوه‌نامه/واژه‌هایی که باید از آن‌ها دوری گزید)
Resolved as:
According to the author, Name, it was clearly a matter of ... (attributing the editorial to a source)
or
It was a matter of ... (removing the word that is editorial)
Usage of the tag is similar to {{Specify}} but differs, in how the issue might be resolved in these instances.

Secondary applicationویرایش

A secondary use of the template is for direct quotations (such as indicated by علامت گفتاورد or a block quote) which is not immediately followed by an inline استناد to explicitly indicate the source of the quote.

Examplesویرایش

Example threeویرایش

It was "clearly a case of XYZ." Next sentence[s].[1]

In writing this, it was the editor's intent to quote from the source cited; however, the citation for a quote should be explicit.

Resolved as:

It was "clearly a case of XYZ."[1] Next sentence[s].[1]

Example fourویرایش

It was "clearly a case of XYZ." Next sentence[s].[1][2][3][4]

In this case, the source of the quote is even less clear.

Resolved as:
It was "clearly a case of XYZ."[1] Next sentence[s].[1][2][3][4]

This example has similarities to the use of {{Specify}}, where two opposing views are expressed but which sources apply is not clear. The distinction in usage is that this template is applied at the point of the quote and is to resolve which source applies to the quote.

Example fiveویرایش

It was "the most something" of a case of XYZ. Next sentence[s].[1]

This is an example of where the article editor appears to be quoting a phrase from a source, as opposed from using quote marks for use–mention distinction or a scare quote. The citation should be bought closer to the quote.

Resolved as:
It was "the most something" of a case of XYZ.[1] Next sentence[s].[1]

This is appropriate where the quoted phrase is not reasonably mistaken as use–mention distinction or a scare quote.

or
It was "the most something"[1] of a case of XYZ. Next sentence[s].[1]

Where the quoted phrase might be mistaken as use–mention distinction or a scare quote.

An alternative is to explicitly attribute the phase quoted.
It has been described by the author, Name, as "the most something" of a case of XYZ.[1] Next sentence[s].[1]
or
It has been described by the author, Name, as "the most something"[1] of a case of XYZ. Next sentence[s].[1]

Scare quotes should, in general, be be attributed, since they usually represent a "point of view", unless they are the subject of discussion.

It was "scare quote" ...
as opposed to
The "scare quote" was the subject of ...

Exceptionsویرایش

If a quoted phrase is the subject of discussion, once its "provenance" has been established by an initial citation, it is not necessary to require further citations at each subsequent mention.

Where a citation at the end of a sentence refers to a quoted phrase, the proximity of a quoted phrase to the citation is of significance. The more words between the quoted phase and the citation, the less clear it is that the quote is drawn from the citation.

Example sixویرایش

It was "quote phrase".[1] (clear)
It was "quote phrase" that did this.[1] (reasonably clear)
It was "quote phrase" that did this, that and the other thing and something else.[1] (unclear)
Resolved as:
It was "quote phrase"[1] that did this, that and the other thing and something else - not to mention a few other things.[1]

In the resolved case, it is clear that the quoted phrase is supported by a citation and not an editorial use of quote marks.

Relation to other tag templatesویرایش

When the problem is not one resolved by making the attribution clear one may use {{specify}} instead. For dealing with dubious information, please use one of the following: {{citation needed}}, {{verify source}}, {{dubious}} or {{disputed-inline}}. This if the problem is a reference to vague "authorities" such as "serious scholars", "historians say", "some researchers", "many scientists", and the like, use {{who}}. If the problem is with test that is difficult to understand, use {{clarify}}.

This ویکی‌پدیا:الگوهای ویکی‌پدیا is a self-reference and so is part of the Wikipedia project rather than the encyclopedic content.

Parametersویرایش

Abbreviated parameter sets:

  • {{نیازمند اسناد|date=اوت ۲۰۱۹|reason=}}
  • {{نیازمند اسناد|date=اوت ۲۰۱۹|reason=|text=}}

Full parameter set:

  • {{نیازمند اسناد|date=اوت ۲۰۱۹|reason=|text=|pre-text=|post-text=}}

Parameter descriptions

  • |date= : This template allows an optional date parameter that records when the tag was added. If this template is added without the date parameter, the date parameter will be added soon after by a ویکی‌پدیا:ربات. Alternatively, you may add the date automatically (without requiring bot intervention) by ویکی‌پدیا:جانشانی the template. That is: {{جا:نیازمند اسناد}} is equivalent to {{نیازمند اسناد|date=اوت ۲۰۱۹}}. This technique also works if other parameters – |reason= |pre-text= |post-text= – are given.
  • |reason= : Because it may not be immediately apparent to other editors what about the tagged passage is in need of attribution, it is generally helpful to add a brief reason for the tag: {{نیازمند اسناد|reason=What the problem is}} (this is preferable to using an HTML <!-- comment --> after the tag, as it is tidier to keep all of the {{نیازمند اسناد}}-related code inside the template). If the explanation would be lengthy, use the article's talk pageالگو:ParabrAs well as being visible in the source code for editors' benefit, |reason=, if provided, displayed when the mouse is hovered over the "attribution needed" link in the article. For technical reasons, this mouse-over feature does not work if the reason text contains double quotes. Use single quotes instead, or use the code &quot; if it is essential to include a double quote.
  • |text=: The particular text needing attribution may be highlighted by wrapping this template around it:
    As an example:
    Text preceding the template,{{نیازمند اسناد|text=unattributed text,|date=اوت ۲۰۱۹}}, text following the template.
    produces:
    Text preceding the template,[نیازمند اسناد], text following the template.
  • |pre-text=
  • |post-text=: One can specify additional text to appear before and/or after the "attribute" tag using the two parameters listed above.

Examples:

  1. {{نیازمند اسناد|pre-text=remove or}}
    will cause the text "remove or" to appear before "attribute" like this:[نیازمند اسناد]
  2. {{نیازمند اسناد|post-text=(unattributed opinion)}}
    will cause "(unattributed opinion)" to appear after "attribute" like this:[نیازمند اسناد].
  3. {{نیازمند اسناد|post-text=(see talk)}}
    can be used to link to a discussion on the article's talk page; this example produces:[نیازمند اسناد]

TemplateDataویرایش

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

See the monthly error report for this template.

TemplateData for نیازمند اسناد

Use this inline template as a request for other editors to attribute text that may research, opinion, a point of view, contain ''words to watch'' or is a quote that has not been clearly attributed. Place immediately after the material in question.

پارامترهای الگو

پارامترتوضیحاتنوعوضعیت
reasonreason

A brief reason for the tag; do not include any double quotes.

رشتهپیشنهادشده
texttext

Text fragment containing concerns the tag is supposed to address.

رشتهاختیاری
datedate

The date the tag was added (this will be added automatically soon by a bot if not added manually).

مقدار خودکار
{{SUBST:CURRENTMONTHNAME}} {{SUBST:CURRENTYEAR}}
رشتهضروری
pre-textpre-text

Any string to be added before the "Attribute" tag, such as "?"

رشتهاختیاری
post-textpost-text

Any string to be added after the "Attribute" tag, such as "unattributed opinion".

رشتهاختیاری

Categorizationویرایش

Adding this template to an article will automatically place the article into رده:مقاله‌های ویکی‌پدیا نیازمند کلمه‌ها، عبارت‌ها و گفتاورهای منتسب‌شده, یا a dated subcategory thereof.

Redirectsویرایش

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