جنگ تیگرای

جنگ تیگرای (تیگرینیا: ውግእ ትግራይ) جنگ بین دولت اتیوپی و جبهه آزادی‌بخش خلق تیگرای که از ۳ نوامبر ۲۰۲۰ با تصرف چند پادگان در شمال این کشور توسط شورشیان تیگرای آغاز شد، باعث کشته شدن ده‌ها هزار نفر شده‌است.

جنگ تیگرای
بخشی از Ethiopian civil conflict (2018–present)
VOA Hawzen5.jpg
Ethiopian Civil War (2020-present).svg
بالا: An armoured vehicle destroyed by fighting in Hawzen
پایین: Territorial control as of December 2021
(For a more detailed, up-to-date, interactive map, همچنین ببینید here).

قوای طرفدار دولت فدرال     Ethiopian federal government و متحدان منطقه‌ای      Eritrean Defence Forces شورشیان ضد دولت فدرال      نیروهای مسلح تیگرای      ارتش آزادی‌بخش اورومو

     جبهه آزادی‌بخش گوموز و دیگر شبه‌نظامیان گوموز
تاریخ۳ نوامبر ۲۰۲۰ – اکنون
(۱ سال، ۹ ماه و ۲ هفته)
موقعیت
وضعیت Ongoing[۲۰]
طرف‌های درگیر

 اتیوپی

 اریتره[۷][۸]

حمایت شده توسط:

Endorsed by:

جبهه متحد نیروهای فدرالیست اتیوپی(UFEFCF) (نوامبر ۲۰۲۱–)[۱۲][۱۳]

فرماندهان و رهبران
اتیوپی سهله ورک زوده
اتیوپی آبی احمد
اتیوپی Birhanu Jula
اتیوپی Kenea Yadeta
(2020–21)
اتیوپی Abraham Belay (۲۰۲۱–)
Tiruneh Temesgen (2020)
Agegnehu Teshager (2020–21)
Yilikal Kefale (۲۰۲۱–)
Awol Arba
اریتره ایسایاس آفورکی
اریتره Filipos Woldeyohannes
Debretsion Gebremichael
Fetlework Gebregziabher
ژنرال Tsadkan Gebretensae[۲۱][۲۲]
ژنرال Tadesse Werede Tesfay
Jaal Marroo
a.k.a Kumsa Diriba[۱۴]
واحدهای درگیر
ENDF EPF
Amhara Special Forces
Amhara Police Force
Afar Special Forces
Afar Police Force
EDF[۸]
قوا
۱۴۰٬۰۰۰[۲۴]
43,000[۲۵][۲۶]
۱۰٬۰۰۰
۱۰۰٬۰۰۰–۲۵۰٬۰۰۰ (برآورد، نوامبر ۲۰۲۰)[۲۷][۲۸][۲۹]
تلفات و ضایعات
۳٬۰۷۳ کشته، ۴٬۴۷۳ مجروح شده، ۸٬۰۰۰ اسیرشده (ادعای شورشیان)[۳۰][۳۱]
۲ میگ-۲۳ lost[۳۲][۳۳]
2 Mi-35 lost[۳۴][۳۵][۳۶]
1 C-130 lost[۳۷]
نامعلوم
۵٬۶۰۰ کشته، ۲٬۳۰۰ مجروح شده، ۲٬۰۰۰ اسیرشده (ادعای نظامی اتیوپی)[۳۸]
Famine in the Tigray War
Casualties of the Tigray War

جستارهای وابستهویرایش

پانویسویرایش

  1. "Regional Special Forces Pose Threat to Peace and Security in Ethiopia". Ipi Global Observatory. 22 February 2021. Archived from the original on 22 February 2021. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  2. ۲٫۰ ۲٫۱ ۲٫۲ ۲٫۳ Endeshaw, Dawit; Flick, Maggie (19 July 2021). "Ethiopia's Tigray forces enter neighbouring Afar region, Afar says". Reuters. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  3. "Ethiopia's Amhara state rallies residents to fight Tigrayans". Al Jazeera. 25 July 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2021.
  4. ۴٫۰ ۴٫۱ Endeshaw, Dawit (16 July 2021). "Three more regions reinforce Ethiopia army, Amhara against Tigray forces". Reuters.
  5. "Ethiopia: Fear Tigray conflict could trigger all-out war". DW. 20 July 2021. Retrieved 21 July 2021.
  6. Endeshaw, Dawit (16 July 2021). "Three more regions reinforce Ethiopia army, Amhara against Tigray forces". Reuters. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  7. Reuters Staff (23 March 2021). "Ethiopian PM confirms Eritrean troops entered Tigray during conflict". Reuters. Archived from the original on 23 March 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  8. ۸٫۰ ۸٫۱ "Eritrea confirms its troops are fighting in Ethiopia's Tigray". Al Jazeera. 17 April 2021. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  9. "UAE air bridge provides military support to Ethiopia gov't". Aljazeera.
  10. خطای یادکرد: خطای یادکرد:برچسب <ref>‎ غیرمجاز؛ متنی برای یادکردهای با نام africareport_11_24 وارد نشده‌است. (صفحهٔ راهنما را مطالعه کنید.).
  11. خطای یادکرد: خطای یادکرد:برچسب <ref>‎ غیرمجاز؛ متنی برای یادکردهای با نام :4 وارد نشده‌است. (صفحهٔ راهنما را مطالعه کنید.).
  12. Pamuk, Humeyra; Fick, Maggie (5 November 2021). Toby Chopra (ed.). "Ethiopian anti-government alliance says plans to dismantle government by force or negotiations". Reuters. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  13. ۱۳٫۰ ۱۳٫۱ ۱۳٫۲ Anna, Cara; Merchant, Norman (5 November 2021). "Tigray, other groups form alliance against Ethiopia's leader". The Washington Post. آسوشیتد پرس. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  14. ۱۴٫۰ ۱۴٫۱ Anna, Cara (11 August 2021). "Ethiopia armed group says it has alliance with Tigray forces". AP News. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  15. ۱۵٫۰ ۱۵٫۱ "Leaked EU Diplomatic Cable: Delegation of the European Union to Ethiopia". Scoop. 25 August 2021. Retrieved 25 August 2021.
  16. "The Afar Revolutionary Democratic United Front (UGUGUMO) condemn the massacre of over 200 innocent Afar". Ayyaantuu News. 25 August 2021. Retrieved 26 August 2021.
  17. Kifle, Shuwa. "Zerbricht Äthiopien im Bürgerkrieg?". heise online (به آلمانی). Retrieved 19 August 2021.
  18. "The Sidama National Liberation Front to Join the Coalition of Resistance by the Federalist Forces". Sidama National Liberation Front. 23 August 2021. Retrieved 24 August 2021.
  19. Latif Dahir, Abdi; Jakes, Lara (5 November 2021). "Eight Groups Join Tigray Rebels Vowing to Oust Ethiopia's Leader". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 November 2021.
  20. "Ethiopian forces have recaptured two strategic towns, government says". Reuters. 6 December 2021. Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  21. International Crisis Group, 2 April 2021: Ethiopia’s Tigray War: A Deadly, Dangerous Stalemate
  22. The New York Times, 22 January 2021: On ‘Rooftop of Africa,’ Ethiopia’s Troops Hunt Fugitive Former Rulers
  23. "Wieder Luftangriffe der Armee in Tigray" (به آلمانی). Deutsche Welle. 9 November 2020. Archived from the original on 19 November 2020. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
  24. Reuters Staff (13 November 2020). "Factbox: The forces fighting in Ethiopia's Tigray conflict". Reuters. Archived from the original on 5 January 2021. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  25. خطای یادکرد: خطای یادکرد:برچسب <ref>‎ غیرمجاز؛ متنی برای یادکردهای با نام france24_ref_1 وارد نشده‌است. (صفحهٔ راهنما را مطالعه کنید.).
  26. "Eritrea Army". Global Security. 16 June 2016. Retrieved 23 July 2021.{{cite news}}: نگهداری CS1: url-status (link)
  27. Fick, Maggie (10 November 2020). "Battle-hardy Tigray back in spotlight as Ethiopia conflict flares". Reuters. Retrieved 3 May 2021. Tigrayan forces and militia are battle-hardened, have large stocks of military hardware and number up to 250,000 men, experts say. Federal authorities have restricted access to the region, making it hard to verify details of the fighting. However, there are indications that Tigrayans in the powerful Northern Command, which accounts for about half of the federal army’s manpower and its best divisions, are defecting. Local forces are already in control of its headquarters in Mekelle and other army facilities in Tigray, according to a United Nations internal security report seen by Reuters. Ethiopia expert Alex de Waal said Abiy may have underestimated the Tigray leaders’ skills at both politics and war. The Tufts University academic recalled the words of Tsadkan Gebretensae, a Tigrayan who once commanded Ethiopia’s army against Eritrea, in a conversation with him: “War is primarily an intellectual activity"
  28. "Ethiopia's Tigray crisis: What a blind man's death reveals". BBC. 1 February 2020. Retrieved 3 May 2021. which was estimated to have 250,000 fighters under its command – would continue.
  29. "Hot Issue – Is the War in Ethiopia's Tigray Region Ending or Only Just Beginning?". Jamestown. Retrieved 5 September 2021. Estimates of TPLF troop strength range as high as 250,000. It is difficult to assess actual troop strength due to the presence of a large number of informal militias loyal to the TPLF. A more accurate and conservative estimate of the number of men and women in formal and informal fighting forces loyal to the TPLF is 100,000 to 125,000.
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  32. "Aviation Occurrence N 267277 Mig-23". Aviation Safety Network. 6 December 2020.
  33. Brhams, Jacob (30 November 2020). "Tigray Rebels Down Jet, Capture Pilot, One Day After Ethiopian Prime Minister Declares Victory". Overt Defense.
  34. "TDF downed A Mi-35 helicopter in central Tigray". Global Defense Corp. 22 April 2021.
  35. Ranter, Harro. "Accident Mil Mi-35 , 20 Apr 2021". aviation-safety.net.
  36. "فیدیو: قوات دفاع تجرای تسقط مروحیة عسکریة اثیوبیة وتفتح جبهة قتال جدیدة فی محافظة "شرق کوجام"". farajat. 12 November 2021. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  37. "Ethiopia: C-130 aircraft downed south of Tigray region". www.monde24.com (به عربی). 6 June 2021.
  38. "Ethiopia: Thousands of Tigray rebels killed, military claims". BBC News. 4 September 2021. Retrieved 5 September 2021.

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