درگاه:سیاست

water peace; ... No, water war Dr. Reza Moghaddasi Email: dr.moghaddasi52@gmail.com

God is beautiful and loves beauty. Water, this life-giving and life-creating liquid, is the manifestation of purity, greenness and beauty in which life began and continues despite its existence. In most parts of the world, access to fresh water is like drinking water. But unfortunately, in the Middle East region, which is the cradle of human civilizations, it has become a complex and complicated issue, and water is considered gold. Maybe higher than gold. Judgment has life. Unfortunately, in recent years, climate change and global warming, which have been accompanied by low rainfall and a sharp decrease in rainfall, along with other factors such as population growth and mismanagement of consumption, water shortage and perhaps dehydration have occurred. The constant influx of fine dust and the drying of wetlands and lakes are the forerunners of this ominous army (drought and water scarcity) that threatens life in the Middle East. After the disaster of oil, which has plagued the oppressed nations of the Middle East since the last century, and has brought nothing but war, misery, and killing. Now, imperialism beats the drum of water war and every day it sounds closer. What will the listeners and statesmen interpret and interpret the incompetence of the region! Be with the fisherman. Or, together with each other, make this vital issue the cause of peace, brotherhood and development, and respect the right of neighbors. Therefore, it seems that the different situation of oil and water resources in the countries of the Middle East region, along with the ethnic and religious differences and the conspiracies of the European and American countries, has caused the escalation of political differences and war and bloodshed. Despite the fact that the majority of people in the Middle East region are Muslim and most of them have ancient Iranian or Arab culture and civilization; Therefore, the countries of the region must make a critical decision to reduce the gap between the demand and supply of water resources and, in addition to adopting policies and measures to reduce water wastage and optimal consumption, to cooperate and cooperate in the external arena to preserve the environment. to go In this article, I will explain the paradigm of #water_peace instead of #water_war and I hope that the difficulty of solving the water problem in the Middle East will lead to greater solidarity between the nations and governments of the region and the establishment of trade and economic prosperity. No, cause economic and political war or military war. Water wars and water resources in the Middle East The Middle East is a geographical region in West Asia and the Afro-Eurasian region, which extends from the Bab al-Mandab strait in the southwest to the Dardanelles strait in the northwest, and from the east to the Himalayas and the port of Karachi. According to the Middle East report, the population of the Middle East in 2022 will be around half a billion people, with the countries of Egypt, Iran and Turkey being the most populated. The Middle East has a very old and rich history. This area is one of the first human settlements. Many beliefs and rituals of the world originated from this region. The first human findings were in this area. The Middle East was the place of the first encounter between intelligent man and Neanderthal man after leaving Africa. The first law of the world was also written in this area. The Middle East is a very important and strategic region in terms of geography and energy resources. About 60% of the world's oil resources and 50% of the world's gas resources are located in this region. According to OPEC reports, the share of the Middle East countries in the world's oil exports is around 25 million barrels (50%) per day. According to the average price of a barrel of oil in 2021, which was 77 dollars, the approximate income from the sale of this seemingly valuable substance last year was around 700 billion dollars. If we only calculate the income from the sale of oil and gas in the Middle East region in the last one hundred years and compare the economic conditions and the living standards of the oppressed people of this region with countries without oil and gas, we will be amazed and perhaps sad. Let's knock! Since the discovery and extraction of oil, the Middle East has been the focus of attention and coercion of world powers. Continuous military coups and bloody wars and conflicts in the Middle East are due to oil and gas. But, in the name of democracy and nuclear weapons and mass murder! At one time, Britain considered itself the owner of the Middle East, and now the Middle East is the bride of a thousand grooms, and of course Uncle Sam has the last word, and now the water war: Most regions of the Middle East have a hot and dry climate. However, the presence of several large and important rivers, including the Nile, Tigris, Euphrates and Karun rivers, have helped agriculture, development and civilization in this region. Since about three decades ago, the paradigm of water war has been raised in the Middle East. By searching the keywords "water war" on the Internet, we will have access to many articles. Therefore, it seems that most of the authors and researchers in the field of water believe that the only way to solve the problem of water shortage is war and economic and military conflict in the region. The same law of the jungle! On the other hand, by searching for the keywords "peace of water or water peace" far fewer articles are found in Farsi. Of course, the relative number of English writings and books in both fields is more. In recent years, two working groups for adaptation to water shortage and Iran water house have started educational and research activities in this field. However, it seems that most of the countries in the region are slowly increasing their use of common water resources. Regardless of the environmental effects and disasters they bring to the neighbors. Turkey's dam building activities in this field are very extensive and destructive for the countries of the region. Unaware of the fact that in the event of a crisis in neighboring countries, they are not immune from the sting of damage. While, it is often thought that water related issues should be the cause of division and possible source of war and regional conflict. However, there is another different point of view based on regional peace and stability and philanthropy, which has received less attention from researchers and politicians. Water gives life as it does to nature; It can connect nations; Therefore, the fair allocation and distribution of water can be considered as a catalyst (facilitator) of regional and international peace and stability. Water can be a catalyst for cooperation, peaceful interactions, regional stability and environmental sustainability on planet Earth. In case, every human being has the right to live and use water for nature and other humans. The term "water wars" refers to conflicts over rights to the economic exploitation of water - whether through the protection of fisheries or the use of undersea resources or access to fresh water for drinking, industry and agriculture. Water wars is a term used to identify the problems that people face regarding water resources. In addition, it describes the conflicts that countries, governments, or groups have over water scarcity. Water warfare, as a concept, may not conform to the conventional structure of war. Especially for those who simulate war with tanks, warplanes and submarines. However, armies do not necessarily have to go to war to capture or defend water resources. Water wars – whether political, diplomatic or economic – are currently raging between neighbors in many parts of the world. These conditions fuel cycles of bitter accusations, intensify water challenges, and strengthen mistrust between governments and nations; Thus, it hinders broader regional cooperation and integration. If the current trend continues, it is feared that water wars will turn into armed conflicts or limit food and energy production. Due to the complicated situation of water resources in most countries of the Middle East, political conflicts and regional power struggles, along with the imperialist policies of world powers that "divide and rule", this issue has become more acute day by day. A problem that also exists in some neighboring countries. Isn't it time to solve this important and vital issue with the finger of tact and expediency? The picture below shows the state of freshwater resources in the Middle East.

The problem of water scarcity in the Middle East

In the Middle East region, there are two strategic and vital liquids: oil and water. But, a worrying fact is that the retail price of bottled water is currently higher than the international price of crude oil. But unlike oil, water has no substitute. The Middle East holds a major share of the world's energy resources, especially oil and gas. Although more than a hundred years have passed since the discovery of oil in the Middle East, most of the countries in the region are still struggling in poverty and misery. A review of development indicators shows that none of the countries in the Middle East are among the developed countries. However, development depends on many factors. But the financial resources obtained from the sale of oil in the last hundred years could speed up the development process of the Middle East countries. It seems that inefficient and dependent governments, long regional wars and deep political differences between the countries of the region, which are caused by the policies of world powers (new colonial policies) to plunder the God-given wealth of the region, have paralyzed the development process. Over the past hundred years, oil has been the cause of misery, backwardness, war and fratricide in some regions of the Middle East, and of course, an important part of the economic development engine of European countries and the United States has been provided by the profits from the extraction and sale of Middle Eastern oil. According to the published statistics, the UK's profits from the extraction and sale of Iranian oil until the nationalization of the oil industry in the national government of Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh amounted to billions of pounds. The big oil cartels are still sucking the blood of the Middle East!

The situation of water resources in the Middle East region is different from energy resources. If we look at the map of the region, countries such as Turkey, Afghanistan and Pakistan have relatively large sources of fresh water. Turkey (even though it likes to be European), has built a lot of dams with the help of mountainous regions and raging rivers, and of course their purpose is not to store water for the day, just in case! Rather, it is political pressure on Iran, Syria and Iraq. Maybe due to the greed of cheap oil and gas! Do they have such a right? The investigation of "Economic World" shows that Turkey has at least 10 different water projects in progress to block the way of water entering downstream. Except for the Gap and Central Anatolia projects, other projects have been implemented or are being implemented with the aim of hydropolitical superiority over the downstream countries and becoming the hydro-hegemon of the region. In recent years, even Afghanistan has tried hard to divide the east of Iran. While several million Afghans live in Iran. Iran and its neighboring countries share many common transboundary watersheds, such as: the watershed of the Aras transboundary river (between Iran, Turkey, Armenia and Azerbaijan), Etrak (between Iran and Turkmenistan), Arvand (Shat al-Arab, between Iran and Iraq), Hirmand and Harirud (between Iran and Afghanistan) and other common border rivers.

cause division and possible source of war and regional conflict. However, there is another different point of view based on regional peace and stability and philanthropy, which has received less attention from researchers and politicians. Water gives life as it does to nature; It can connect nations; Therefore, the fair allocation and distribution of water can be considered as a catalyst (facilitator) of regional and international peace and stability. Water can be a catalyst for cooperation, peaceful interactions, regional stability and environmental sustainability on planet Earth. In case, every human being has the right to live and use water for nature and other humans. The term "water wars" refers to conflicts over rights to the economic exploitation of water - whether through the protection of fisheries or the use of undersea resources or access to fresh water for drinking, industry and agriculture. Water wars is a term used to identify the problems that people face regarding water resources. In addition, it describes the conflicts that countries, governments, or groups have over water scarcity. Water warfare, as a concept, may not conform to the conventional structure of war. Especially for those who simulate war with tanks, warplanes and submarines. However, armies do not necessarily have to go to war to capture or defend water resources. Water wars – whether political, diplomatic or economic – are currently raging between neighbors in many parts of the world. These conditions fuel cycles of bitter accusations, intensify water challenges, and strengthen mistrust between governments and nations; Thus, it hinders broader regional cooperation and integration. If the current trend continues, it is feared that water wars will turn into armed conflicts or limit food and energy production. Due to the complicated situation of water resources in most countries of the Middle East, political conflicts and regional power struggles, along with the imperialist policies of world powers that "divide and rule", this issue has become more acute day by day. A problem that also exists in some neighboring countries. Isn't it time to solve this important and vital issue with the finger of tact and expediency? The picture below shows the state of freshwater resources in the Middle East. The problem of water scarcity in the Middle East In the Middle East region, there are two strategic and vital liquids: oil and water. But, a worrying fact is that the retail price of bottled water is currently higher than the international price of crude oil. But unlike oil, water has no substitute. The Middle East holds a major share of the world's energy resources, especially oil and gas. Although more than a hundred years have passed since the discovery of oil in the Middle East, most of the countries in the region are still struggling in poverty and misery. A review of development indicators shows that none of the countries in the Middle East are among the developed countries. However, development depends on many factors. But the financial resources obtained from the sale of oil in the last hundred years could speed up the development process of the Middle East countries. It seems that inefficient and dependent governments, long regional wars and deep political differences between the countries of the region, which are caused by the policies of world powers (new colonial policies) to plunder the God-given wealth of the region, have paralyzed the development process. Over the past hundred years, oil has been the cause of misery, backwardness, war and fratricide in some regions of the Middle East, and of course, an important part of the economic development engine of European countries and the United States has been provided by the profits from the extraction and sale of Middle Eastern oil. According to the published statistics, the UK's profits from the extraction and sale of Iranian oil until the nationalization of the oil industry in the national government of Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh amounted to billions of pounds. The big oil cartels are still sucking the blood of the Middle East! The situation of water resources in the Middle East region is different from energy resources. If we look at the map of the region, countries such as Turkey, Afghanistan and Pakistan have relatively large sources of fresh water. Turkey (even though it likes to be European), has built a lot of dams with the help of mountainous regions and raging rivers, and of course their purpose is not to store water for the day, just in case! Rather, it is political pressure on Iran, Syria and Iraq. Maybe due to the greed of cheap oil and gas! Do they have such a right? The investigation of "Economic World" shows that Turkey has at least 10 different water projects in progress to block the way of water entering downstream. Except for the Gap and Central Anatolia projects, other projects have been implemented or are being implemented with the aim of hydropolitical superiority over the downstream countries and becoming the hydro-hegemon of the region. In recent years, even Afghanistan has tried hard to divide the east of Iran. While several million Afghans live in Iran. Iran and its neighboring countries share many common transboundary watersheds, such as: the watershed of the Aras transboundary river (between Iran, Turkey, Armenia and Azerbaijan), Etrak (between Iran and Turkmenistan), Arvand (Shat al-Arab, between Iran and Iraq), Hirmand and Harirud (between Iran and Afghanistan) and other common border rivers. Our country has reached the brink of crisis due to lack of water. The current state of Urmia and Hamon lakes, the dryness of rivers and permanent fine dust are evidence of this crisis. The environment and agriculture of Iraq and Syria have also faced a serious crisis due to the drought and compression of the Tigris and Euphrates throats in Turkey. The countries of Jordan and Egypt They have a serious problem in water supply. Other Arab countries are not happy. But they survive with the help of oil money and water desalination. In short, the oil-rich countries of the Middle East have faced a serious water crisis, and some countries in the region, which have extensive water resources, have an increasing need for fossil fuels, especially oil. Despite the international laws in the field of border rivers and shared water resources between countries, is it possible to deprive the neighboring country of its natural right during the water crisis? Can Turkey or Afghanistan claim that the rainfall and rivers flowing in these countries belong only to them? When Ashraf Ghani was still the head of the government of Afghanistan, he said to Iran: "Give us oil and we will give water." Apparently, this is a serious request from Afghanistan and maybe Turkey. Maybe it's time to review international and regional water laws. And maybe it's time to clear oil with water!


A proposed solution to solve the problem of water scarcity in the Middle East Usually, political issues are solved with political methods, which is a complex and extensive science. Sometimes, big problems can be solved with very simple methods. But, according to Dr. Fazli, the issue of water is an interdisciplinary and much more complicated issue. Of course, I am neither a politician nor a water expert. But, like many Iranians, I have become very sensitive about the importance of water and the problems caused by water shortage and dehydration; Therefore, after the initial idea, I searched on the Internet. Some researchers have written about the importance of water and its role in creating peace and stability. I also make my suggestion. I hope that experts and politicians will take practical measures in this important issue by examining the aspects of the matter and keep the Middle East away from the wars that the ill-wishers are looking for. It has been said since ancient times: "Sprinkling water on fire"; Therefore, I hope water will extinguish the fire of war and bloodshed in the sensitive region of the Middle East. However, the delay in this issue will deepen the differences and reach the "point of no return". From the distant past, Iran and Iranians have been and are co-born with peace, compromise, kindness and friendship. Greeks considered Iranians to be promoters of "Persian peace". Perhaps, mentioning the paradigm of Mr. Khatami's "Dialogue of Civilizations" versus the "War or Clash of Huntington Civilizations" paradigm, which is the theoretical basis of America's imperialist policies and its successors, is not without grace. A paradigm whose design in the 1970s attracted the attention of the world and led to the cultural disarmament of the exploitative imperialists; Therefore, it seems that considering all aspects of the issue, it is better that the politicians and leaders of the region hold urgent meetings on the issue of water and drought. The ultimate goal of this meeting is to exchange water for oil or gas. Despite the opposition of water experts, with the inter-departmental transfer of water, but it seems that the wide and integrated network of water and oil in the region will unite and integrate all the nations of the region. How this business takes into account the existing solutions and international laws, provides diplomatic routes and more motivation for the owners of these two strategic liquids. This solution has several important results: 1) All countries in the region have access to sustainable sources of fresh water 2) All countries in the region have access to sustainable sources of energy 3) Agricultural development and regional food security 4) Controlling fine dust and improving the environmental condition of the region 5) Strengthening the feeling of brotherhood and peaceful life and strengthening peace in the region 6) Expansion of commercial exchanges between the countries of the region Iran and Turkey may benefit the most from this project. While our country is facing a serious water problem, and we do not have the possibility to export oil and gas due to cruel sanctions. With this win-win policy, we can expand our business with regional and even European governments and of course use sustainable water resources. On the other hand, Turkey, which is blessed with abundant fresh water resources, should have access to suitable sources of energy through its export. The practical result of such a plan is peace and stability and sustainable development in the Middle East region. I hope that the thinkers and researchers, while criticizing the proposed solution, will pay serious attention to explaining more solutions for the issue of water and environment in the region. The water and environment problem of the region will be solved with regional solutions. God willing