دولت یونانی هند

دولت یونانی هند یک پادشاهی هلنی بود که در افغانستان امروزی و شمال غربی شبه قاره هند فرمان راند. حدود سی پادشاه که معمولاً با یکدیگر در نبرد بودند، در حدود دو قرن بر این پادشاهی حکومت کردند.[۱][۲][۳][۴][۵][۶]

Indo-Greek Kingdom

180 BC–AD 10
Territory of the Indo-Greeks circa 100 BC.
Territory of the Indo-Greeks circa 100 BC.
پایتختاسکندریه قفقاز (Kapisi/Bagram)
Taxila (Sirkap)
چنیوت، پاکستان (Chiniot)
سیالکوت (Sialkot)
چارسده (Charsadda, Pushkalavati)
زبان(های) رایجزبان یونانی (الفبای یونانی)
زبان پالی (خروشتی script)
زبان سانسکریت
پراکریت
(خط براهمی script)
دین(ها)
Ancient Greek religion
مهایانه
هندوئیسم
مزدیسنا
حکومتMonarchy
King 
• 180–160 BC
Apollodotus I
• 25 BC – AD 10
Strato II & Strato III
دوره تاریخیتاریخ باستان
• بنیان‌گذاری
180 BC
• فروپاشی
AD 10
مساحت
150 BC۱٬۱۰۰٬۰۰۰ کیلومترمربع (۴۲۰٬۰۰۰مایل‌مربع)
پیشین
پسین
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
Indo-Scythians
امروز بخشی ازپاکستان
افغانستان
هند
ترکمنستان
مناندر یکم بزرگترین پادشاه دولت یونانی بلخ بود

نگارخانهویرایش

جستارهای وابستهویرایش

منابعویرایش

  1. Jackson J. Spielvogel (14 September 2016). Western Civilization: Volume A: To 1500. Cengage Learning. p. 96. ISBN 978-1-305-95281-2. The invasion of India by a Greco-Bactrian army in ... led to the creation of an Indo-Greek kingdom in northwestern India (present-day India and Pakistan).
  2. Erik Zürcher (1962). Buddhism: its origin and spread in words, maps, and pictures. St Martin's Press. p. 45. Three phases must be distinguished, (a) The Greek rulers of Bactria (the Oxus region) expand their power to the south, conquer Afghanistan and considerable parts of north-western India, and establish an Indo-Greek kingdom in the Panjab where they rule as 'kings of India'; i
  3. Heidi Roupp (4 March 2015). Teaching World History: A Resource Book. Routledge. p. 171. ISBN 978-1-317-45893-7. There were later Indo-Greek kingdoms in northwest India. ...
  4. Hermann Kulke; Dietmar Rothermund (2004). A History of India. Psychology Press. p. 74. ISBN 978-0-415-32919-4. They are referred to as 'Indo-Greeks' and there were about forty such kings and rulers who controlled large areas of northwestern India and Afghanistan. Their history ...
  5. Los Angeles County Museum of Art; Pratapaditya Pal (1986). Indian Sculpture: Circa 500 B.C.-A.D. 700. University of California Press. p. 15. ISBN 978-0-520-05991-7. Since parts of their territories comprised northwestern India, these later rulers of Greek origin are generally referred to as Indo-Greeks.
  6. Joan Aruz; Elisabetta Valtz Fino (2012). Afghanistan: Forging Civilizations Along the Silk Road. Metropolitan Museum of Art. p. 42. ISBN 978-1-58839-452-1. The existence of Greek kingdoms in Central Asia and northwestern India after Alexander's conquests had been known for a long time from a few fragmentary texts from Greek and Latin classical sources and from allusions in contemporary Chinese chronicles and later Indian texts.