تفاوت میان نسخه‌های «یهودیان»

۷٬۲۱۶ بایت اضافه‌شده ،  ۶ سال پیش
اصلاح ارقام
(تصحیح درصد جمعیت یهودیان نسبت به جمعیت اسرائیل)
(اصلاح ارقام)
{{Infobox ethnic group
|group = یهودیان
|native_name = {{lang-he|יהודים}} ({{lang|he-Latn|''Yehudim''}})
|image = {{image array|perrow=3|height=95|width=75|text=y
|image1 = Maimonides statue - Cordoba.jpg
|caption1 = [[Maimonides]]
|image2 = Noether.jpg
|caption2 = [[Emmy Noether]]
|image3 = Kafka portrait.jpg
|caption3 = [[Franz Kafka]]
|image4 = Sholem Aleichem 1907.jpg
|caption4 = [[Sholem Aleichem]]
|image5 = Ben Gurion 1959.jpg
|caption5 = [[David Ben-Gurion]]
|image6 = Chagall France 1921.jpg
|caption6 = [[Marc Chagall]]
|image7 = Einstein 1921 portrait2.jpg
|caption7 = [[Albert Einstein]]
|image8 = Natalie Portman - TIFF2010 01.jpg
|caption8 = [[Natalie Portman]]
|image9 = Spinoza.jpg
|caption9 = [[Baruch Spinoza]]
}}
|population = '''13,746,100–17,936,400'''<ref name="Population of Jews" />
|region1 = {{flag|United States}}
|pop1 = ۵٬۴۲۵٬۰۰0 (2011)
|ref1 = <ref name="JVIL2012">{{cite web |url=http://www.jewishdatabank.org/Studies/downloadFile.cfm?FileID=2941 |title=World Jewish Population, 2012 |first=Sergio |last=DellaPergola |authorlink=Sergio DellaPergola |editor1-first=Arnold |editor1-last=Dashefsky |editor1-link=Arnold Dashefsky |editor2-first=Ira |editor2-last=Sheskin |date=November 2, 2012 |work=Current Jewish Population Reports |publisher=North American Jewish Data Bank |location=[[Storrs, Connecticut]] |format=[[Portable Document Format|PDF]] |accessdate=September 21, 2013}}</ref> – 6,800,000<ref name=american-jewish-population />
|region2 = {{flag|Israel}}
|pop2 = ۶٬۰۴۲٬۰۰۰
|ref2 = <ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4367878,00.html |title=Israel's population crosses 8 million mark |publisher=Ynetnews |date=April 14, 2013 |accessdate=April 14, 2013 }}</ref>
|region3 = {{flag|France}}
|pop3 = ۴۸۰٬۰۰۰
|ref3 = <ref name="JVIL2012" />
|region4 = {{flag|Canada}}
|pop4 = ۳۷۵٬۰۰۰
|ref4 = <ref name="JVIL2012" />
|region5 = {{nowrap|{{flag|United Kingdom}}}}
|pop5 = ۲۹۱٬۰۰۰
|ref5 = <ref name="JVIL2012" />
|region6 = {{flag|Russia}}
|pop6 = 194,000 – over 500,000<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.jewishdatabank.org/Reports/World_Jewish_Population_2012.pdf | title=World Jewish Population, 2012 | publisher=North American Jewish Data Bank | date=November 2, 2012 | accessdate=21 July 2013 | author=DellaPergola, Sergio}}</ref>
|ref6 = <ref name="JVIL2012" />
|region7 = {{flag|Argentina}}
|pop7 = ۱۸۲٬۳۰۰
|ref7 = <ref name="JVIL2012" />
|region8 = {{flag|Germany}}
|pop8 = ۱۱۹٬۰۰۰
|ref8 = <ref name="JVIL2012" />
|region9 = {{flag|Australia}}
|pop9 = ۱۰۷٬۵۰۰
|ref9 = <ref name="JVIL2012" />
|region10 = {{flag|Brazil}}
|pop10 = ۹۵٬۳۰۰
|ref10 = <ref name="JVIL2012" />
|region11 = {{flag|South Africa}}
|pop11 = ۷۰٬۸۰۰
|ref11 = <ref name="JVIL2012" />
|region12 = {{flag|Ukraine}}
|pop12 = ۶۷٬۰۰۰
|ref12 = <ref name="JVIL2012" />
|region13 = {{flag|Hungary}}
|pop13 = ۴۸٬۶۰۰
|ref13 = <ref name="JVIL2012" />
|region14 = {{flag|Mexico}}
|pop14 = ۳۹٬۴۰۰
|ref14 = <ref name="JVIL2012" />
|region15 = {{flag|Belgium}}
|pop15 = ۳۰٬۳۰۰
|ref15 = <ref name="JVIL2012" />
|region16 = {{flag|Netherlands}}
|pop16 = ۳۰٬۰۰۰
|ref16 = <ref name="JVIL2012" />
|region17 = {{flag|Italy}}
|pop17 = ۲۸٬۴۰۰
|ref17 = <ref name="JVIL2012" />
|region18 = {{flag|Turkey}}
|pop18 = ۲۶٬۰۰۰
|ref18 = <ref>http://www.turkishjews.com/</ref>
|region19 = {{flag|Iran}}
|pop19 = ۲۵٬۰۰۰
|ref19 = <ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.iranjewish.com/Essay_E/Essay_e1.htm |title=Iranian Jews |publisher=Iranjewish.com |accessdate=2013-10-02}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.sephardicstudies.org/iran.html |title=Life of Jews Living in Iran |publisher=Sephardicstudies.org |accessdate=2013-10-02}}</ref>
|region20 = All other countries
|pop20 = ۲۵۰٬۲۰۰
|ref20 = <ref name="JVIL2012" />
|languages = '''Predominant spoken languages:'''<br />{{Hlist|[[English language|English]]|[[Hebrew language|Hebrew]]|[[Russian language|Russian]]|the [[vernacular]] languages of {{allow wrap|other countries in the [[Jewish diaspora|diaspora]]}}}}
'''Historical languages:'''<br />{{Hlist|[[Yiddish language|Yiddish]]|[[Judaeo-Spanish|Ladino]]|[[Judeo-Arabic languages|Judeo-Arabic]]|[[Jewish languages|others]]}}
'''Sacred languages:'''<br />{{Hlist|[[Biblical Hebrew]]|[[Aramaic language|Aramaic]]}}
|religions = [[File:Star of David.svg|10px]] [[Judaism]]
|related = other [[Levant]]ines,<ref>{{Cite news|title=Studies Show Jews’ Genetic Similarity|first= Nicholas|last= Wade|date=June 9, 2010|url=http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/10/science/10jews.html?_r=0|work=New York Times}}</ref><ref>{{Cite journal|doi=10.1007/s004390000426|url=http://www.ucl.ac.uk/tcga/tcgapdf/Nebel-HG-00-IPArabs.pdf|title=High-resolution Y chromosome haplotypes of Israeli and Palestinian Arabs reveal geographic substructure and substantial overlap with haplotypes of Jews|year=2000|last1=Nebel|first1=Almut|last2=Filon|first2=Dvora|last3=Weiss|first3=Deborah A.|last4=Weale|first4=Michael|last5=Faerman|first5=Marina|last6=Oppenheim|first6=Ariella|last7=Thomas|first7=Mark G.|journal=Human Genetics|volume=107|issue=6|pages=630–41|pmid=11153918}}</ref><ref name="evolutsioon">{{Cite journal|pmid=15300852|url=http://evolutsioon.ut.ee/publications/Shen2004.pdf|year=2004|last1=Shen|first1=P|last2=Lavi|first2=T|last3=Kivisild|first3=T|last4=Chou|first4=V|last5=Sengun|first5=D|last6=Gefel|first6=D|last7=Shpirer|first7=I|last8=Woolf|first8=E|last9=Hillel|first9=J|displayauthors=9|title=Reconstruction of patrilineages and matrilineages of Samaritans and other Israeli populations from Y-chromosome and mitochondrial DNA sequence variation|volume=24|issue=3|pages=248–60|doi=10.1002/humu.20077|journal=Human mutation}}</ref><ref name="sciencedaily">{{cite web|url=http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2000/05/000509003653.htm |title=Jews Are The Genetic Brothers Of Palestinians, Syrians, And Lebanese |publisher=Sciencedaily.com |date=2000-05-09 |accessdate=2013-04-12}}</ref> [[Samaritans]],<ref name="evolutsioon" /> [[Arabs]],<ref name="evolutsioon" /><ref>{{Cite journal|pmc=3032072|year=2010|last1=Atzmon|first1=G|last2=Hao|first2=L|last3=Pe'Er|first3=I|last4=Velez|first4=C|last5=Pearlman|first5=A|last6=Palamara|first6=PF|last7=Morrow|first7=B|last8=Friedman|first8=E|last9=Oddoux|first9=C|displayauthors=9|title=Abraham's Children in the Genome Era: Major Jewish Diaspora Populations Comprise Distinct Genetic Clusters with Shared Middle Eastern Ancestry|volume=86|issue=6|pages=850–859|doi=10.1016/j.ajhg.2010.04.015|journal=American Journal of Human Genetics|pmid=20560205}}</ref> [[Assyrians]]<ref name="evolutsioon" /><ref name="sciencedaily" />
}}
 
{{قوم و نژاد
|group = یهودیان