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'''راست''' یا '''راست‌گرا''' در ادبیات سیاسی، به مواضعی اطلاق می‌شود که خواهان حفظ نظم و [[سلسله مراتب]] اجتماعی سنتی هستند.<ref>T. Alexander Smith, Raymond Tatalovich. ''Cultures at war: moral conflicts in western democracies''. Toronto, Canada: Broadview Press, Ltd, 2003. Pp 30. "That viewpoint is held by contemporary sociologists, for whom 'right-wing movements' are conceptualized as 'social movements whose stated goals are to maintain structures of order, status, honor, or traditional social differences or values' as compared to left-wing movements which seek 'greater equality or political participation. ' In other words, the sociological perspective sees preservationist politics as a right-wing attempt to defend privilege within the ''social hierarchy''.</ref><ref>''Left and right: the significance of a political distinction'', Norberto Bobbio and Allan Cameron, pg. 37, University of Chicago Press, 1997.</ref><ref>Seymour Martin Lipset, cited in Fuchs, D. , and Klingemann, H. 1990. The left-right schema. Pp.203–34 in Continuities in Political Action: A Longitudinal Study of Political Orientations in Three Western Democracies, ed.M.Jennings et al. Berlin:de Gruyter</ref><ref>Lukes, Steven. 'Epilogue: The Grand Dichotomy of the Twentieth Century': concluding chapter to T. Ball and R. Bellamy (eds.), The Cambridge History of Twentieth-Century Political Thought. Pp.610–612</ref><ref>Clark, William. Capitalism, not Globalism. University of Michigan Press, 2003. ISBN 0-472-11293-7, 9780472112937</ref> ریشهٔ اصطلاحات ''راست'' و [[چپ (گرایش سیاسی)|''چپ'']] به [[انقلاب فرانسه]] برمی‌گردد و به محل نشستن اعضای پارلمان اشاره دارد؛ کسانی که در سمت راست می‌نشستند از حفظ نهادهای پادشاهی،[[پادشاهی]]، [[آریستوکراسی]] و مذهب رسمی حمایت می‌کردند.<ref name="Parliaments 1988 pp. 287–302">The Architecture of Parliaments: Legislative Houses and Political Culture Charles T. Goodsell British Journal of Political Science, Vol. 18, No. 3 (Jul. , 1988), pp. 287–302</ref><ref>Gerhard Linski, ''Current Issues and Research in Macrosociology'', Brill Archive, 1984, pg; 59</ref><ref>Barry Clark, ''Political Economy: A Comparative Approach'', Praeger Paperback, 1998, pgs; 33–34.</ref><ref name="Knapp">{{cite book|author=Andrew Knapp and Vincent Wright|url=http://books.google.com/?id=67ttjXHhT3wC&dq=the+government+and+politics+of+france&printsec=frontcover&q=|title=The Government and Politics of France|year=۲۰۰۶|publisher=Routledge|isbn=۹۷۸۰۴۱۵۳۵۷۳۲۶}}</ref>
 
== اصول کلی در گرایش راست ==
کاربر گمنام