تفاوت میان نسخه‌های «اسیر»

۸ بایت اضافه‌شده ،  ۱۰ ماه پیش
در بیشتر تاریخ بشر، بسته به فرهنگ و خلق و خوی فاتحین نبرد، طرف بازنده که خود را تسلیم می‌کردند و به عنوان اسیر جنگی گرفته می‌شدند همواره انتظار داشتند که یا به قتل برسند یا به [[برده داری|بردگی]] گرفته شوند.<ref>Wickham, Jason (2014) The Enslavement of War Captives by the Romans up to 146 BC, University of Liverpool PhD Dissertation. {{cite web |url= http://repository.liv.ac.uk/17893/1/WickhamJ_May2014_17893.pdf |title= Archived copy |accessdate =2015-05-24 |deadurl= yes |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20150524213405/http://repository.liv.ac.uk/17893/1/WickhamJ_May2014_17893.pdf |archivedate= 24 May 2015 |df= dmy-all}} Wickham 2014 notes that for Roman warfare the outcome of capture could lead to release, ransom, execution or enslavement.</ref>
 
در [[روم باستان]] نیز گلادیاتورها[[گلادیاتور]]ها می توانستند اسیر جنگی باشند. آنها بر اساس ریشه قومیت شان دسته بندی می شدند.<ref>[http://penelope.uchicago.edu/%7Egrout/encyclopaedia_romana/gladiators/gladiators.html "The Roman Gladiator"], The University of Chicago – "Originally, captured soldiers had been made to fight with their own weapons and in their particular style of combat. It was from these conscripted prisoners of war that the gladiators acquired their exotic appearance, a distinction being made between the weapons imagined to be used by defeated enemies and those of their Roman conquerors. The Samnites (a tribe from Campania which the Romans had fought in the fourth and third centuries BC) were the prototype for Rome's professional gladiators, and it was their equipment that first was used and later adopted for the arena. [...] Two other gladiatorial categories also took their name from defeated tribes, the Galli (Gauls) and Thraeces (Thracians)."
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