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۱٬۱۰۳ بایت اضافه‌شده ،  ۱ ماه پیش
اصلاح لید و بازگردانی برخی مطالب... ۱) فقدان باور ۲) ریجکت‌کردن باور (پسیو) ۳) موضع عدم وجود خدا (اکتیو) ----- (شاید خوب باشد به بی‌خدایی صریح و ضمنی، مثبت و منفی، .... نگاهی بیاندازید تا در درک تفاوت مواضع راحت‌تر شوید...)
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{{نوارکناری بی‌خدایی}}{{نوارکناری بی‌دینی}}{{خدا}}'''خداناباوری'''،<ref>برابر فارسی واژۀ «آتئیست»، «خداناباور» است و نه «ناخداباور»؛ زیرا «ناخداباور»، یعنی کسی که به ناخدا، باور دارد. (شیدای سمنانی، مهرداد/انصاری سمنانی، مهدی، [[هزاران جستار و نکته... دربارۀ نویسندگی و ویرایش]])</ref>، '''بی‌خدایی''' یا '''آتئیسم'''<ref>[[دستور خط فارسی]] (مصوّب فرهنگستان زبان و ادب فارسی)، جدول شمارۀ ۳ (راهنمای کتابت همزه)، چاپ نهم ۱۳۸۹.</ref> {{به انگلیسی|Atheism}}، در گسترده‌ترینجامع‌ترین معنا، ''فقدان'' [[باور دینی|باور]] به [[وجود خدا]] یا خدایان است.<ref>* {{Cite encyclopedia |first=Kai |last=Nielsen |authorlink=Kai Nielsen |encyclopedia=[[Encyclopædia Britannica]] |title=Atheism |url=http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/40634/atheism |year=۲۰۱۰ |accessdate=۲۰۱۰-۰۲-۰۱ |quote=Atheism, in general, the critique and denial of metaphysical beliefs in God or spiritual beings.... Instead of saying that an atheist is someone who believes that it is false or probably false that there is a God, a more adequate characterization of atheism consists in the more complex claim that to be an atheist is to be someone who rejects belief in God for the following reasons (which reason is stressed depends on how God is being conceived)...}}
* {{Cite encyclopedia |title=Atheism |first=Paul |last=Edwards |authorlink=Paul Edwards (philosopher) |publisher=MacMillan Reference USA (Gale)|editor=Donald M. Borchert |origyear=۱۹۶۷ |year=۲۰۰۵ |edition=۲nd |encyclopedia=[[Encyclopedia of Philosophy|The Encyclopedia of Philosophy]] |volume=Vol. ۱ |page=۳۵۹ |isbn=0028657802 | ISBN 13=۹۷۸۰۰۲۸۶۵۷۸۰۶ |quote=On our definition, an 'atheist' is a person who rejects belief in God, regardless of whether or not his reason for the rejection is the claim that 'God exists' expresses a false proposition. People frequently adopt an attitude of rejection toward a position for reasons other than that it is a false proposition. It is common among contemporary philosophers, and indeed it was not uncommon in earlier centuries, to reject positions on the ground that they are meaningless. Sometimes, too, a theory is rejected on such grounds as that it is sterile or redundant or capricious, and there are many other considerations which in certain contexts are generally agreed to constitute good grounds for rejecting an assertion.}}(page 175 in 1967 edition)</ref> خداناباوری در معنایی کمکم‌تر تر گسترده،جامع، ''ردردکردن یا کردنریجکت‌کردن'' این اعتقاد است که [[الوهیت|خدایی]] وجود دارد.<ref name="RoweRoutledge">{{cite encyclopedia|url=http://books.google.ca/books?id=lnuwFH_M5o0C&pg=PA530&lpg=PA530&dq=atheism+routledge&source=bl&ots=D7oHkocuKE&sig=IOLNADKE-9gpnREO-S8QJfJft3g&hl=en&ei=3kpQS8_sBYyQtgOKltGKCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7&ved=0CB8Q6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=atheism%20routledge&f=false|first=William L.|last=Rowe|authorlink=William L. Rowe|encyclopedia=[[Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy]]|title=Atheism|year=۱۹۹۸|editor=Edward Craig|accessdate=۲۰۱۰-۰۲-۰۱|isbn=9780415073103|publisher=Taylor & Francis|quote=As commonly understood, atheism is the position that affirms the nonexistence of God. So an atheist is someone who disbelieves in God, whereas a theist is someone who believes in God. Another meaning of "atheism" is simply nonbelief in the existence of God, rather than positive belief in the nonexistence of God. …an atheist, in the broader sense of the term, is someone who disbelieves in every form of deity, not just the God of traditional Western theology.}}</ref> در معنایی حتی محدودتر، خداناباوری، به‌طور مشخص،بر مشخص این موضع است که هیچ خدایی وجود ندارد و.<ref>[[religioustolerance.org]]'s short article on [http://www.religioustolerance.org/atheist4.htm Definitions of the term "Atheism"] suggests that there is no consensus on the definition of the term. [[سیمون بلک‌برن|Simon Blackburn]] summarizes the situation in [[The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy]]: "Atheism. Either the lack of belief in a god, or the belief that there is none". Most dictionaries (see the OneLook query for [http://www.onelook.com/?w=atheism&ls=a "atheism"]) first list one of the more narrow definitions.
 
* {{Cite book |url=http://www.ditext.com/runes/a.html |title=Dictionary of Philosophy |first=Dagobert D.(editor) |last=Runes |authorlink=Dagobert D. Runes |year=۱۹۴۲ edition |publisher=Littlefield, Adams & Co. Philosophical Library |location=New Jersey |isbn=0064634612 |accessdate=۲۰۱۰-۰۲-۰۱ |quote=(a) the belief that there is no God; (b) Some philosophers have been called "atheistic" because they have not held to a belief in a personal God. Atheism in this sense means "not theistic". The former meaning of the term is a literal rendering. The latter meaning is a less rigorous use of the term though widely current in the history of thought}} – entry by [[Vergilius Ferm]]</ref> خداناباوری، در تقابلمغایرت با تفکر [[خداباوری]] است<ref>{{cite web |url=http://web.as.ua.edu/rel/aboutreldefinitions.html |title=Definitions: Atheism |publisher=Department of Religious Studies, University of Alabama |accessdate=۲۰۱۰-۰۴-۲۳ |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20100611211012/http://web.as.ua.edu/rel/aboutreldefinitions.html |archivedate=۱۱ ژوئن ۲۰۱۰ |dead-url=yes }}</ref> که خداباوری در کلی‌ترینعام‌ترین شکلششکل ،خود، این اعتقاد است به وجود دستکه کمحداقل یک خدا وجود دارد.<ref>''Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition''</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/theism |title=Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary |accessdate=۲۰۱۰-۰۴-۲۳}}</ref>است.
 
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