تفاوت میان نسخه‌های «کلیسای جامع شارتر»

بدون خلاصه ویرایش
(صفحه‌ای جدید حاوی «{{جا:ویرایش}} {{Infobox World Heritage Site | WHS = Chartres Cathedral | Image = [[File:Chartres 1.jpg|250px|Cathedral of Chartres]...» ایجاد کرد)
 
{{در دست ویرایش ۲|ماه=ژوئن|روز=۱۱|سال=۲۰۱۲|چند = 2}}
{{Infobox World Heritage Site
| WHS = Chartresکلیسای Cathedralجامع شارتر
| Image = [[File:Chartres 1.jpg|250px|Cathedral of Chartres]]
| State Party = Franceفرانسه
| Type = Culturalفرهنگی
| Criteria = i, ii, iv
| ID = 81
| Session = 3rd
| Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/81
|locmapin = Franceفرانسه
|relief = 1
|latitude = 48.447
}}
 
The [[فرانسه در قرون وسطی]] '''Cathedralکلیسای ofجامع Ourبانوی Ladyقدیس ofما Chartresشارتر''' ({{lang-fr|link=no|Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Chartres}}) isیک a[[کلیسای جامع]] متعلق به [[Latinفرانسه Riteدر قرون وسطی]] Catholicاست cathedralکه locatedواقع inدر [[شارتر]],، aboutحدود {{convert|80|km}} southwestجنوب ofغربی Parisپاریس است. این Itکلیسا isبه consideredعنوان oneیکی ofاز the finest examples of the Frenchعالی‌ترین مثال‌های [[معماری گوتیک]] style.فرانسوی به Theشمار currentمی‌رود. cathedral,کلیسای mostlyجامع constructedکنونی betweenبه 1193طور andعهده 1250,در isبین oneسال‌های of at least five which have occupied the site since the town became a [[Episcopal see|bishopric]]۱۱۹۳ inتا the۱۲۵۰ 4thساخته centuryشده‌است.
 
What makes the cathedral special from an artistic viewpoint is its exceptional state of preservation. The majority of the original stained glass windows survive intact, while the architecture has seen only minor changes since the early 13th century. The building's exterior is dominated by heavy [[flying buttress]]es which allowed the architects to increase the window size significantly, while the west end is dominated by two contrasting spires – a 105-metre (349 ft) plain pyramid dating from the 1140s and a 113-metre (377 ft) early 16th century [[Flamboyant]] spire on top of an older tower. Equally notable are the three great façades, each adorned with hundreds of sculpted figures illustrating key theological themes and narratives.
 
==جستارهای وابسته==
Since at least the 12th century the cathedral has been an important destination for travellers – and remains so to this day, attracting large numbers of Christian pilgrims, many of who come to venerate its famous relic, the ''Sancta Camisa'', said to be the tunic worn by the Virgin Mary at Christ's birth, as well as large numbers of secular tourists who come to see this UNESCO [[میراث جهانی یونسکو]].
 
==See also==
* [[فرانسه در قرون وسطی]]
* [[معماری گوتیک]]
* [[Roman Catholic Marian churches]]
 
==Referencesمنابع==
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===Bibliography===
Wikipedia contributors, "Chartres Cathedral," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chartres_Cathedral&oldid=494785128 (accessed June 11, 2012).
* Burckhardt, Titus. ''Chartres and the birth of the cathedral''. Bloomington: World Wisdom Books, 1996. ISBN 978-0-941532-21-1
==پیوند به بیرون==
* Adams, Henry. ''Mont-Saint-Michel and Chartres''. Boston: [[Houghton Mifflin Harcourt|Houghton Mifflin]], 1913 and many later editions.
* Ball, Philip. ''Universe of Stone''. New York: Harper, 2008. ISBN 978-0-06-115429-4.
* Delaporte, Y. ''Les vitraux de la cathédrale de Chartres: histoire et description par l'abbé Y. Delaporte ... reproductions par É. Houvet.'' Chartres : É. Houvet, 1926. 3 volumes (consists chiefly of photographs of the windows of the cathedral)
* Fassler, Margot E. ''The Virgin of Chartres: Making History Through Liturgy and the Arts'' (Yale University Press; 2010) 612 pages; Discusses Mary's gown and other relics held by the Chartres Cathedral in a study of history making and the cult of the Virgin of Chartres in the 11th and 12th centuries.
* Grant, Lindy. "Representing Dynasty: The Transept Windows at Chartres Cathedral," in Robert A. Maxwell (ed) ''Representing History, 900–1300: Art, Music, History'' (University Park (PA), Pennsylvania State University press, 2010),
* Houvet, E. ''Cathédrale de Chartres.'' Chelles (S.-et-M.) : Hélio. A. Faucheux, 1919. 5 volumes in 7. (consists entirely of photogravures of the architecture and sculpture, but not windows)
* Houvet, E. ''An Illustrated Monograph of Chartres Cathedral: (Being an Extract of a Work Crowned by Académie des Beaux-Arts).'' s.l.: s.n., 1930.
* James, John, ''The Master Masons of Chartres'', West Grinstead, 1990, ISBN 978-0-646-00805-9.
* James, John, ''The contractors of Chartres'', Wyong, ii vols. 1979–81, ISBN 978-0-9596005-2-0 and 4 x
* Mâle, Emile. ''Notre-Dame de Chartres.'' New York: [[Harper & Row]], 1983.
* Miller, Malcolm. ''Chartres Cathedral.'' New York: Riverside Book Co., 1997. ISBN 978-1-878351-54-8.
 
===References===
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==External links==
{{ویکی‌انبار-رده|Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Chartres|Cathedral of Chartres}}
 
{{میراث جهانی یونسکو در فرانسه}}
* [http://www.chartrescathedral.net Chartres Cathedral history and information]
* [http://images.library.pitt.edu/cgi-bin/i/image/image-idx?c=chartres&page=index University of Pittsburgh photo collection]
* [http://sacred-destinations.com/france/chartres-cathedral Chartres Cathedral at Sacred Destinations]
* {{en icon}} http://www.mymaze.de/chartres_technisch_e.htm (About the labyrinth)
* [http://www.paradoxplace.com/Photo%20Pages/France/Chartres/Zodiac_Window/Chartres_Zodiacs.htm Details of the Zodiac and other Chartres windows]
* [http://www.medievalart.org.uk/Chartres/Chartres_default.htm Chartres Cathedral on the Corpus of Medieval Narrative Art] Panel-by-panel photographs of many of the windows.
* [http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/chartreswest/centralportal.html Description of the outer portals] ''Retrieved 3 08 2008''
 
{{World Heritage Sites in France}}
 
{{Coord|48|26|50|N|1|29|16|E|region:FR_type:landmark|display=title}}
 
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[[رده:کلیساهای جامع در فرانسه]]
[[رده:مناظر در فرانسه]]
[[رده:میراث جهانی یونسکو در فرانسه]]
[[رده:بناهای گوتیک در فرانسه]]
[[Category:Official historical monuments of France]]
[[رده:مکان‌های دیدنی در پاریس]]
[[Category:1220s architecture]]
[[Category:Churches in Eure-et-Loir]]
[[Category:Basilica churches in France]]
[[Category:Gothic architecture in France]]
[[Category:Community of the Chemin Neuf]]
 
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