خط پیکدیلی (انگلیسی: Piccadilly line) یکی از خط‌های متروی لندن است.

خط پیکدیلی
Piccadilly line flag box.svg
A westbound Piccadilly Line train, formed of 1973 stock, stands at Acton Town tube station with a service for Northfields.
مشخصات
نوعزیرزمینی
سیستممتروی لندن
ایستگاه‌ها۵۳
مسافرین۲۱۰٫۱۶۹ میلیون (۲۰۱۱/۱۲)[۱] passenger journeys
رنگ در نقشهآبی تیره
وبگاهtfl.gov.uk
عملکرد
تأسیس۱۹۰۶
انبارهاکوکفوسترز
Northfields
قطارهای مورد استفاده1973 Tube Stock
6 cars per trainset
فنی
طول خط۷۱ کیلومتر (۴۴ مایل)
عرض ریل4 ft 8 12 in (۱٬۴۳۵ mm)
Transport for London rail lines
متروی لندن
خط بیکرلو
خط مرکزی متروی لندن
خط سیرکل
خط ناحیه متروی لندن
خط همرسمیت و سیتی
خط جوبیلی
خط متروپولیتن
خط شمالی متروی لندن
خط پیکدیلی
خط ویکتوریا
خط واترلو و سیتی
خط‌های دیگر
قطار سبک داکلندز
ترام‌لینک
متروی زمینی لندن
تی‌اف‌ال ریل

این خط که در سال ۱۹۰۶ راه‌اندازی شده است دارای ۵۳ ایستگاه و ۷۱ کیلومتر طول می‌باشد، ایستگاه متروی کوکفوسترز شمالی‌ترین، ایستگاه متروی همرسمیت جنوبی‌ترین و ایستگاه متروی اوکسبریج شرقی‌ترین ایستگاه این خط می‌باشد.

نقشهویرایش

ایستگاه‌هاویرایش

شاخه کوکفوسترزویرایش

Cockfosters branch
ایستگاه تصویر افتتاح اطلاعات
کوکفوسترز   31 July 1933 One of the two depots is located heremap 1
اوکوود     13 March 1933 Opened as Enfield West; renamed Enfield West Oakwood 3 May 1934; renamed 1 September 1946map 2
ساوت‌گیت   13 March 1933 in deep-level tunnelmap 3
آرنوس گرو   19 September 1932 Trains may terminate here: there are several sidings for stabling trainsmap 4
Tunnel section commences
باندز گرین   19 September 1932 map 5
وود گرین   19 September 1932 map 6
تورنپیک لین   19 September 1932 map 7
منور هاوس   19 September 1932 map 8
بخش اصلی
فینزبوری پارک     15 December 1906 map 9
آرسنال   15 December 1906 Opened as Gillespie Road; renamed Arsenal (Highbury Hill) 31 October 1932; the suffix was later dropped in 1960map 10
هالووی رود   15 December 1906 map 11
کلدونین رود     15 December 1906 map 12
کینگز کراس سنت پنکراس       15 December 1906 Opened as King's Cross; renamed King's Cross for St. Pancras 1927; renamed 1933map 13
میدان راسل   15 December 1906 map 14
هوبرن   15 December 1906 Renamed Holborn (Kingsway) 22 May 1933; the suffix was later dropped.map 15
کاونت گاردن   11 April 1907 map 16
میدان لستر   15 December 1906 map 17
پیکدیلی سیرکوس   15 December 1906 map 18
گرین پارک     15 December 1906 Opened as Dover Street; renamed 18 September 1933map 19
هاید پارک کرنر   15 December 1906 In the event of disruption, trains may terminate here via a crossovermap 20
نایتسبریج   15 December 1906 map 21
کنزینگتون جنوبی   8 January 1907 map 22
گلاستر رود   15 December 1906 map 23
ارلز کورت     15 December 1906 map 24
Tunnel section ends
برونز کورت   15 December 1906 map 25
همرسمیت     15 December 1906 map 26

توسعه به هانزلو و اوکس‌بریجویرایش

Extension to Hounslow and Uxbridge
ایستگاه تصویر افتتاح اطلاعات
تورنهام گرین   1 January 1869 Originally the London and South Western Railway; first served by the Piccadilly line 23 June 1963map 27
آکتون تاون     1 July 1879 Originally the District Railway, later خط ناحیه متروی لندن; first served by the Piccadilly line 4 July 1932map 28
The line splits here into two branches – the فرودگاه هیترو لندن branch and the اوکسبریج branch.

شاخه هیتروویرایش

Continuing from Acton Town
ایستگاه تصویر افتتاح اطلاعات
ایلینگ جنوبی   1 May 1883 Originally the District Railway, later خط ناحیه متروی لندن; first served by the Piccadilly line 29 April 1935map 29
نورث‌فیلدز   16 April 1908 Originally the District line (one of the two depots is here and some trains terminate here); first served by the Piccadilly line 9 January 1933map 30
بوستون منور   1 May 1883 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 13 March 1933map 31
اوستلی   23 March 1934 map 32
هانزلو شرقی     2 May 1909 Opened as Hounslow Town by the District line renamed 1 December 1925; first served by the Piccadilly line 13 March 1933map 33
هانزلو مرکزی   1 April 1886 Opened as Heston-Hounslow by the District line, renamed 1 December 1925; first served by the Piccadilly line 13 March 1933map 34
Tunnel section recommences
هانزلو غربی     21 July 1884 Opened as Hounslow Barracks) by the District line, renamed 1 December 1925; first served by the Piccadilly line 13 March 1933, resited 19 July 1975map 35
هاتون کراس   19 July 1975 map 36
ترمینال ۴ هیترو     12 April 1986 map 37
ترمینال ۲ و ۳ هیترو     16 December 1977 Opened as Heathrow Central; renamed Heathrow Central Terminals 1, 2, 3 on 3 September 1983; renamed Heathrow Terminals 1, 2, & 3 on 12 April 1986; renamed Heathrow Terminals 2 & 3 in January 2016map 38
ترمینال ۵ هیترو     27 March 2008 map 39

Just beyond Heathrow Terminals 2 & 3 tube station, the line goes into a new section to serve ایستگاه ترمینال ۵ هیترو, which opened in March 2008. Half of all Heathrow trains use the loop and serve Terminal 4 and the other half omit Terminal 4 and serve Terminal 5.[۲]

شاخه اوکسبریجویرایش

Continuing from Acton Town
ایستگاه تصویر افتتاح اطلاعات
ایلینگ کامن   1 July 1879 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 4 July 1932map 40
ایلینگ شمالی   23 June 1903 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 4 July 1932map 41
پارک رویال   6 July 1931 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 4 July 1932; renamed Park Royal (Hanger Hill) 1 March 1936; renamed 1947map 42
آلپرتون   28 June 1903 Opened as Perivale-Alperton by the District line; renamed 7 October 1910; first served by the Piccadilly line 4 July 1932map 43
سادبری تاون     28 June 1903 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 4 July 1932map 44
سادبری هیل (  Sudbury Hill Harrow)   28 June 1903 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 4 July 1932map 45
هارو جنوبی   28 June 1903 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 4 July 1932; closed when re-located 4 July 1935; re-opened 5 July 1935map 46
رینرز لین   1 March 1910 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 23 October 1933 (from here to Uxbridge trains share track with خط متروپولیتن، and some trains terminate here)map 47
ایستکوت   1 March 1910 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 23 October 1933map 48
رویسلیپ مانور   5 August 1912 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 23 October 1933map 49
رویسلیپ   1 March 1910 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 23 October 1933 (some trains terminate here in Monday-Friday peak hours)map 50
ایکنهام   1 March 1910 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 23 October 1933map 51
هیلینگدون     10 December 1923 Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 23 October 1933; renamed Hillingdon (Swakeleys) April 1934; the suffix was later dropped; closed when re-located 5 December 1992; re-opened 6 December 1992map 52
اوکسبریج     1 March 1910 Terminus. Originally the District line; first served by the Piccadilly line 23 October 1933; closed when re-located 3 December 1938; re-opened 4 December 1938map 53

نگارخانهویرایش

منابعویرایش

  1. "LU Performance Data Almanac". Transport for London. 2011/12. Retrieved 1 August 2012. Check date values in: |year= (help)
  2. "Piccadilly line's new timetable". Transport for London. 8 January 2008. Archived from the original on 27 February 2008.
  • مشارکت‌کنندگان ویکی‌پدیا. «Piccadilly line». در دانشنامهٔ ویکی‌پدیای انگلیسی، بازبینی‌شده در ۲۶ نوامبر ۲۰۱۵.
  • Barker, T.C.; Robbins, Michael (1974). A History of London Transport: Volume two – the Twentieth Century to 1970. London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd. ISBN 0-04-385067-7.
  • Croome, Desmond F. (1998). The Piccadilly Line – An Illustrated History. London: Capital Transport Publishing. ISBN 1-85414-192-9.
  • Horne, Mike (2007). The Piccadilly Tube – A History of the First Hundred Years. London: Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-305-1.
  • Lee, Charles E. (1966). Sixty Years of the Piccadilly. London: London Transport.
  • Lee, Charles E. (1973). The Piccadilly Line: a brief history. London: London Transport. ISBN 0-85329-042-3.

پیوند به بیرونویرایش