تفاوت میان نسخه‌های «داهان»

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'''داهان'''، '''داهه‌ها'''، '''قوم داه''' یا '''دَهه''' که بعدها '''دَهستان''' نامیده شده، گروهی از [[مردمان ایرانی‌تبار]] و گروهی از تیره [[سکاها]] بوده‌اند.<ref name="ReferenceA">strabo (11.8.2) ; On the left hand opposite to these parts are situated the Scythian and nomadic nations, occupying the whole of the northern side. Most of the Scythians, beginning from the Caspian Sea, are called Dahæ Scythæ, and those situated more towards the east Massagetæ and Sacæ; the rest have the common appellation of Scythians, but each separate tribe has its peculiar name. All, or the greatest part of them, are nomades. The best known tribes are those who deprived the Greeks of Bactriana, the Asii, Pasiani, Tochari, and Sacarauli, who came from the country on the other side of the Iaxartes, opposite the Sacæ and Sogdiani, and which country was also occupied by Sacæ; some tribes of the Dahæ are surnamed Aparni, some Xanthii, others Pissuri. The Aparni approach the nearest of any of these people to Hyrcania, and to the Caspian Sea. The others extend as far as the country opposite to Aria.</ref>
 
[[آریان]] مورخ یونانی قرن اول میلادی در میان لشکریان [[داریوش سوم]] هنگام جنگ با [[اسکندر کبیر]]، از سواران تیرانداز داهه نام می‌برد. [[استرابو]] جغرافی نگار [[یونانی‌ها|یونانی]]، از سه طایفه [[داهه]] با نام‌های پرنی (Aparni) و خانتی‌ها (xanthii) و پیسوری (pissuri) به سردستگی سورنی های اولیه یاد کرده‌است و آنها را [[سکا]]یی خوانده و نام داهه را یک نام کلی برای این قبایل دانسته‌است.<ref>strabo (11.8.2) ; On the left hand opposite to these parts are situated the Scythian and nomadic nations, occupying the whole of the northern side. Most of the Scythians, beginning from the Caspian Sea, are called Dahæ Scythæ, and those situated more towards the east Massagetæ and Sacæ; the rest have the common appellation of Scythians, but each separate tribe has its peculiar name. All, or the greatest part of them, are nomades. The best known tribes are those who deprived the Greeks of Bactriana, the Asii, Pasiani, Tochari, and Sacarauli, who came from the country on the other side of the Iaxartes, opposite the Sacæ and Sogdiani, and which country was also occupied by Sacæ; some tribes of the Dahæ are surnamed Aparni, some Xanthii, others Pissuri.</ref> و سورنی های اولیه سردسته داهان بودنذ.[[استرابو]] قبیله پرنی را نزدیک‌ترین قبایل به ساتراپ [[هیرکانی]] (گرگان) و سکنه شرق [[دریای خزر]] خوانده‌است؛ و قلمرو دو قبیله دیگر [[داهه]] (Xanthii, Pissuri) را تا نزدیکی سرزمین [[هرات]] باستان، گسترده دانسته‌است<ref>strabo (11.8.2) ; The Aparni approach the nearest of any of these people to Hyrcania, and to the Caspian Sea. The others extend as far as the country opposite to Aria.</ref> بنابر گزارش استرابو، [[ارشک یکم]] بنیانگذار [[شاهنشاهی اشکانی]] و از قبیله پرنی بوده‌است.<ref name="ReferenceB">strabo (11.9.2) ; Arsaces, a Scythian, (with the Parni, called nomades, a tribe of the Dahæ, who live on the banks of the Ochus,) invaded Parthia, and made himself master of it. At first both Arsaces and his successors were weakened by maintaining wars with those who had been deprived of their territory.</ref><ref>strabo (11.9.3); They say that the Dahæ Parni were an emigrant tribe from the Dahæ above the Mæotis, who are called Xandii and Parii. But it is not generally acknowledged that Dahæ are to be found among the Scythians above the Meotis, yet from these Arsaces according to some was descended.</ref> شاهان [[اشکانی]] ایران نیز تبارشان به پرنی‌ها می‌رسد. پرنی‌ها در پایان سده چهارم پ.م. از بقیه داهان جدا شده و به سوی غرب و ناحیه دریای خزر کوچ کردند. احتمال ارتباطی میان نام آنان و ناحیهٔ دهستان یا داهستان می‌رود.
 
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